Société Pathé Frères, Paris France (pronounced Pah-tay)
Founded in 1896.
Charles Pathé who had helped open a Gramophone shop in 1894 along with his brothers, established a phonograph factory at Chatou on the west outskirts of Paris. He expanded the record business to include film equipment. Pathé manufactured and sold their own records and machines to play them.
The grooves were cut vertically rather than the more common lateral method. The grooves were wider than that used by any other company, requiring a special sapphire ball-shaped stylus to play them. The discs rotated at 90 rpm and the recordings started on the inside near the center of the disc, spiraling outward to the edge. This was probably a preventive measure to ensure that no other record company could sue Pathé for violating any patents.
By 1909, Pathé had built more than 200 movie theaters in France and Belgium and by the following year they had facilities in many parts of the world. Prior to World War I, Pathé dominated Europe's market in motion picture cameras and projectors.
By the early 1920's, Pathé had stopped production of their special vertical cut discs and started production of the more common lateral "needle cut" technology and called these discs, Pathé Actuelle. These discs used the common metal needles and spun from the outside inward at 78rpm, like other label companies.
© 2011 MyOldPhonograph.com
EXCELLENT WEBSITE FOR INFORMATION ON OLD PHONOGRAPHS, PHONOGRAPHS GRAMOPHONES ANTIQUE PHONOGRAPHS SONORA EDISON VICTOR VICTOR TALKING MACHINE COLUMBIA PATHE RECORDS BRUNSWICK INFORMATION ON ANTIQUE PHONOGRAPHS GRAMOPHONE GRAFANOLA GRAPHOPHONE INFORMATION RECORD PLAYERS CHAMBERLAIN NEEDLES STYLUS SAPPHIRE DIAMOND DISC CYLINDERS CYLINDAR ADVERTISEMENTS INFORMATION ON OLD PHONOGRAPHS PHONOS FREE INFORMATION PHOTOS REPRODUCERS HORNS PARTS PHONOGRAPH PARTS LEATHER BELTS SONATA ANTIQUES ANTIQUE OLD TYME REPRODUCTIONS FAKES HMV HIS MASTERS VOICE NIPPER RCA VICTOR APPRAISALS APPRAISAL OF OLD PHONOGRAPHS INFORMATION PARTS FOR SALE SALES THUMB SCREW NO.2 SOUND BOX REPRODUCERS